YADA YADA VIRUS
What’s in news?
A new alphavirus, recently detected in Australian mosquitoes.
- Yada Yada is an alphavirus described as “small, single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses” include species important to human and animal health.
- Meaning: “Yada Yada” means “small or empty talk”.
- Journal: It was published in the journal “Microbiology Resource Announcements”.
- It belonged to a group that includes other alphaviruses such as chikungunya virus and the astern equine encephalitis.
- As it affects only the mosquitoes not the human beings, it so called as the novel alphavirus.
- Other viruses in the same group include the Tai forest alphavirus and the Agua Salud alphavirus.
- The virus was detected in mosquitoes trapped as part of the Victorian Arbovirus Disease Control Programme in Encephalitis Virus Surveillance traps set up overnight in three locations in Victoria, Australia, for seven weeks in late 2016.
GANGA CENTRALISED AQUALABS
What’s in news?
The country’s first Ganga Centralized Aqualabs was inaugurated recently.
- What is it? The first Ganga Centralized aqualabs was inaugurated in the 2525-km-long Ganga river.
- First of its kind for any river in the country, will maintain genes of each species found in the river alongside crafting baseline data of the river which is undergoing tremendous changes owing to rampant water extraction, almost 90% from it.
- Inaugurated by: The Aqualab was inaugurated by the state forest minister Harak Singh Rawat.
- Location: It is to be established in Dehradun at the Wildlife Institute of India as part of the National Mission for Clean Ganga.
- Need: As 90% of the river water is extracted and the river itself is highly polluted, there is a need to conserve the aquatic life forms in this ecosystem.
- Time and cost: The data will be collected from the Ganga flowing states in next three years and the project cost would be Rs 24 crore.
- Other rivers: The tributaries of Ganga – Gomti, Betwa and Kosi will be scientifically studied and their biological components will be preserved at the lab here.
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